Jovan R. Bojovic
The Historiography of the Place of Working of Crnojevics' Printing Office
During the second
half of the 14. century, the Serbian Empire was one of the most powerful
states in Europe. At the end of that century the state started to weak.
In the Empire were isolated the big feudalists and made new autonomous
states. Under the oppression of the Osmanli Turks, during 15. century the
Serbian districts were losing their independence and come upon the Turkish
rule. The last one stayed Zeta, which was later called Crna Gora (Montenegro).
It was faced to the oppression of the Turks and Venice. The Turks demolished
churches and monasteries, and destroyed books. In a such situation the
ruler of Montenegro Ivan and his son Djuradj Crnojevic raised a question
of opening a Printing office. The Printing office was obtained in Venice.
It was first placed in Obod in 1491 or 1492. There was printed Oktoih prvoglasnik,
started to be printed in 1493, and finished in 1494. The Printing office
was moved to Cetinje, where were printed the books: Oktoih petoglasnik,
Psaltir, Molitvenik and Cetvorojevandjelje. It was the first cyrillic state
Serbian Printing office. It worked until 1496. There some disagreements
about the place of working of the Printing office, whether it is Obod or
Cetinje. There are more facts that it started to work at Obod and finished
to work in Cetinje. There was the main master printer a monk Makarije.
Three years later, Montenegro came under Turkish rule. That was the end
of independence of the last one Serbian state of Montenegro.
Summary of the professor
Bojovic's paper from the international symposium, Five Hundred Years of
Oktoih - The First Cyrillic Printed Book in the Slavic South, Cetinje,
June 24-25, 1994.