Where is Montenegro?
"... Montenegro, the
tiny Serb land [is] nestled in the southwestern corner of present-day Yugoslavia"
Professor John D. Treadway,
University of Richmond; The
Falcon and the Eagle, Montenegro and Austria-Hungary 1908-1914, preface,
Who are Montenegrins?
themselves as high-caste Serbs, the warrior Serbs."
Professor William N. Dunn,
University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Public an International Affairs;
Montenegro: Hotspot in the making?
How Montenegrins expressed their
identity in independent Montenegrin state before unification with Serbia?
During the existence
of theocratic Montenegro, Princedom of Montenegro and Kingdom of Montenegro,
absolutely all Montenegrins considered themselves as Serbs nationally and
"Although there is no other
nationality in this land except Serb nationality and no other religion
except Eastern Orthodoxy, each foreigner and each person of different faith
can live here and enjoy the same freedom and the same domestic right as
Montenegrin or Highlander."
Code of Montenegrin Prince Danilo, established in 1855, paragraph 92.
What was the guiding national
idea in independent Montenegrin state?
"In Montenegro live only
true and pure Serbs who speak Serbian language... Besides Montenegro there
are more Serb lands in which our Serb brothers are living... Some of them
are free as we are and some subjugated to foreigner... Each Serb in Montenegro
is obligated to love his entire Fatherland, all Serb lands - in which our
free and unfree Serb brothers are living. "
textbook for 3rd grade of elementary school in the Kingdom of Montenegro,
How Montenegrins expressed their
identity after unification with Serbia and between two world wars?
"Serbs of Montenegro
are same in blood, language and aspiration, faith and heritage as people
from Serbia and other Serb lands; We have common past which fills us up
with enthusiasm, common ideals, heroes, sorrow and everything else that
makes one nation really meaningful."
of Union of the Great People's Parliament of Serb Nation in Montenegro,
Why than we hear about separate
"Montenegrin" and "Serb" identities in Montenegro?
After WWII "Montenegrin
nation is imposed violently, by the Yugoslav Communist Party leadership...
It is unique example in Europe that inhabitants of one province, or republic,
practically overnight become members of another, new nation (similar example
does not exist). Free manifestation of peoples will was halted by oppressive
measures of communist reign."
Dr Slavenko Terzic, Director
of Historical Institute of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts;
Word about Montenegro - Hope of southern Serbdom or "ISM",
Ideological roots of Montenegrin nation and
Montenegrin separatism, Podgorica 2001.
Where is the difference between
"Montenegrin" and "Serb" identities in Montenegro today?
There are Serbs who are
not Montenegrins... but there are no Montenegrins who are not in some sense
International Crisis Group;
Socialist People's Party: A Loyal Opposition, 28 April 2000
Can Montenegrins still be considered
as the Serbs?
"... majority of Montenegrins
regard themselves as Serbs. They share with the Serbs from Serbia the same
culture, the same religion,... they are ethnically the same people."
Charles Hodson, The Council for European Relations; CNN
Insight, 29 December 2000