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Petar II Petrovic Njegos - The passion for freedom

The great people bear the distances in themselves, unite all the world and talk to it.

In the Bishop's great word, a distance message always takes effect; one mysterious alchemy takes effect and personal vital transforms into the all human sings and meanings. The Bishop was always saying and writing: ray, spark, light. Violent in passion, brightly in sprint, his most powerful verses and monologues raise from the grave and he, whole of air, rays and sparks helps the light to connect and unite. Whom and what? We say all mankind, he wrote all secular.

Life, character and act of Rade Petrovic (Petar II Petrovic Njegos) were the same thing: conflict and fight between freedom and happiness. Both freedom and happiness raise heads in the man's heart but they could not exist together. Freedom is expansion, happiness is limitation. Freedom is independent, happiness is dependent of thousand small details. Freedom is usually the last victory with defeated and thrown off personal happiness. Freedom cost heroism and heroism is renunciation, giving, self sacrifice. The Bishop, like a man, like a thinker-poet and a ruler, he has chosen freedom, at price of his happiness and happiness of his people. Sometimes, at price of the justice. Because, freedom is often in conflict with justice, too. Mankind's life is dense tissue of fights and the injects of permanent collision and settlement between justice and injustice. It must be done. The general justice would be general peace, general death. That is how the human justice realize, with order of certain passivity, with limitation of movement, will and freedom. The great freedoms go with suffering and doing injustice. The greatest freedom has winner despot or tyrant in the classical sense. They may re-establish some great justices at the price of reducible freedoms. In that knot, Bishop has chosen freedom, at the price of injustice for him and for his people. Therefore, permanently, tiny bitterness and irony of strong pessimism in everything Bishop thinks, says and writes. The Bishop was genius of poetry and genius of freedom and indivisible in this case. The symbols of the genius of freedom are wings and sword. Battle endless and flying over things and at the price of renunciation the things. Love for freedom was devouring others love himself. Eros of freedom and Eros od poetry, both, it's a terrible and tragic destiny but it's divine rise. Bairon, Shelly and Njegos - arranged by the year of birth - destines the same: broken rise, but considerable act.

The most tragical passion of that strange monk has been the passion for freedom. And Bishop's supreme law and supreme law of the Montenegrins, humaneness, was the ethic of wasteland: above the head, law of the world, on the earth everyone is judge. A few hundred years of continuos active tragedy of nation and their rulers, with supreme tragical hero Bishop Rade, here is the great drama of wasteland and great ethic of wasteland under the wings of wonderful and cruel freedom.

The classical Montenegro was terrible reality. One creative small people made, in that wasteland and poverty, three great things: the poetic language, humaneness ethic which filled everyone and every rifle, and freedom, risen up to the highest abstraction, which defend was hard and disastrous. The wasteland poverty and three high abstraction developed in Rade Petrovic the strongest instinct of the art creativity since the Serbs exist. The Bishop Rade, brilliant lover of freedom, thinker and poet, he surrounded poetic energy from all Serbian people.

From CD "Petar II Petrovic Njegos - The Mountain Wreath" edited by "The Homeland" association, Belgrade 1994.